How do I export a directory in NFS Linux?

On the Linux system that runs the NFS server, you export (share) one or more directories by listing them in the /etc/exports file and by running the exportfs command. In addition, you must start the NFS server. On each client system, you use the mount command to mount the directories that your server exported.

How do I export a directory in NFS?

Exporting an NFS file system

  1. Open the /etc/exports file with your favorite text editor.
  2. Create an entry for each directory to be exported using the full path name of the directory. …
  3. Save and close the/etc/exports file.
  4. If NFS is running, type the following command and press Enter:

What is exports file in Linux?

The file /etc/exports contains a table of local physical file systems on an NFS server that are accessible to NFS clients. The contents of the file are maintained by the server’s system administrator. Each file system in this table has a list of options and an access control list.

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What does Exportfs command do?

Description. The exportfs command makes local directories available for Network File System (NFS) clients to mount. This command is normally invoked during system startup by the /etc/rc. nfsfile and uses information in the /etc/exports file to export one or more directories, which must be specified with full path names …

What is NFS directory in Linux?

Network File Sharing (NFS) is a protocol that allows you to share directories and files with other Linux clients over a network. Shared directories are typically created on a file server, running the NFS server component. Users add files to them, which are then shared with other users who have access to the folder.

How do I export in Linux?

export command in Linux with Examples

  1. Without any argument : To view all the exported variables. …
  2. -p : To view all exported variables on current shell. …
  3. -f: It must be used if the names refer to functions. …
  4. name[=value]: You can assign value before exporting using the following syntax.

How do I give access to NFS share in Linux?

On the UNIX NFS client:

  1. Log on as root (only root can mount an NFS export). …
  2. Check the permissions by typing: …
  3. Assign the appropriate owners to the files and folders by typing: …
  4. Assign appropriate permissions to the files and folders by typing: …
  5. Verify the new permissions by typing:

How does NFS check exports?

Run the showmount command with the server name to check which NFS exports are available. In this example, localhost is the server name. The output shows the available exports and the IP which they are available from.

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What is the name of the file where you create NFS exports?

The exportfs Command. Every file system being exported to remote users via NFS, as well as the access level for those file systems, are listed in the /etc/exports file. When the nfs service starts, the /usr/sbin/exportfs command launches and reads this file, passes control to rpc.

How do I edit a export file in Linux?


  1. Open the /etc/exports file in a text editor on an NFS client that has root access to the storage system.
  2. Make your changes.
  3. Save the file.

What is var lib NFS ETAB?

An NFS server maintains a table of local physical file systems that are accessible to NFS clients. … The master export table is kept in a file named /var/lib/nfs/etab. This file is read by rpc. mountd when a client sends an NFS MOUNT request.

What is Showmount command Linux?

The showmount command displays a list of all clients that have remotely mounted a file system from a specified machine in the Host parameter. This information is maintained by the mountd daemon on the Host parameter.

How use Showmount command in Linux?

showmount command shows information about an NFS server. This information is maintained by the mountd server on the host. The default value for the host is the value returned by the hostname.

showmount Command Options.

Option Description
-h, –help Provide a short help summary.
–no-headers Do not print headers.

How do I use NFS share?

Network File System (NFS): Mount an NFS Share on Windows

  1. Make sure that the NFS Client is installed. Open a Powershell command prompt. Run the appropriate command for your situation: …
  2. Mount the share using the following command, after making the required modifications: mount -o anon X:
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Which is better SMB or NFS?

NFS offers better performance and is unbeatable if the files are medium-sized or small. For larger files, the timings of both methods are almost the same. In the case of sequential read, the performance of NFS and SMB are almost the same when using plain text. However, with encryption, NFS is better than SMB.

How do I transfer files from one Linux server to another Linux?

If you administer enough Linux servers you are probably familiar with transferring files between machines, with the help of the SSH command scp. The process is simple: You log into the server containing the file to be copied. You copy the file in question with the command scp FILE USER@SERVER_IP:/DIRECTORY.